Friday, November 2, 2012

Rohingya Memorandums to World Leaders

On 2nd November 2012, a five member delegates from the Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization in Malaysia (MERHROM), has handed over memorandums to the American Embassy, British High Commission, Chinese Embassy and European Union situated in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, demanding urgent intervention to stop killings and conflict. Full text of memorandum is as follows:

2nd November 2012

Dear Yours Excellency,


Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) strongly condemned the continuous ethnic cleansing policy towards ethnic minority Rohingyas by the Myanmar government. The recent violence which started on 21st October 2012 in Kyaukpyu, Minbya, Mrauk U, Myebon, and Rathedaung Township caused thousand of Rohingyas has being killed and thousands of their houses has been burnt down by Rakhines, police and military. Though the military has denied their involvement but the villagers confirm the involvement of the military and the police in the recent violence.

The source from the ground estimated 1000 Rohingyas has died including women, men, children and elderly while more than 4600 of Rohingya’s houses and Mosques have been burnt.  This contradicts the number of death stated by the military which is very low compared to the estimated numbers of death. Until now the military stated only 84 person has died which is not true as they want to cover the real toll death. Many Rohingyas has reportedly missing but the numbers are unknown.

Currently over 30,000 Rohingyas fled their villages and become homeless. They had nowhere to go. Thousands of them now are on the boats on the ocean trying hard to save their lives. Without food and drinks some of them have died and many more will die due to starvation and dehydration. Until now we have not receive any information on their situation on the ocean.

Since the massacre in June 2012, the military, police and the Rakhines has warned the Rohingyas to flee the Arakan State if they want to save their life and their family. If the Rohingyas fail to do so, they will die and that is what happening since June until now.  The military regime will never stop until we are removed from the Arakan State.

One thing that the World Leaders, United Nations and International Communities fail to understand is that we the Rohingyas become the victims of ethnic cleansing policy of the Myanmar government since 1940s. Most of the time the World Leaders, United Nations and the International Communities urging the Myanmar government to stop the violence and restore peace in Arakan State. But, it’s not going to happen because the violence is instigated by the Myanmar government for their own political interests. 

Currently the Myanmar government is deploying more security forces to improve the situation in Arakan State but it doesn’t work as the government has no intention to resolve the problem. The Myanmar government is just showing to the outside world that they are doing something to resolve the problem in order to gain the international support for their political interests. Deploying more security forces is not the solution to the problem. It will only put the Rohingyas population in worst situation.

In this recent violence, two military officers were shot by the Rakhines when they were shooting the Rohingyas in Kyawtaw Township. The military arrested some Rakhines who shooting the Rohingyas and the military officers in Pasir Uzu @ Zila Fara fisherman village and Yazanabung Uzu @ Nairong village in Kyawtaw Township. The military confiscated 36 high quality arms in Pasir Uzu village and 14 high quality arms in Yazanabung Uzu village. From the 50 high quality arms, the high level military officer took 3 arms back to Ranggon. We do not know what happen to the remaining arms.

The question is who gave the high quality arms to Rakhines and for what purpose? The villagers also stated that the Rakhines are deploying more arms including long knives before violence started in June 2012. The Bangladesh government has arrested one boat belongs to Rakhines in Bangladesh ocean which carry lots of arms. We do not know how many boats have passed the Bangladesh security check and how many arms have been deploys by Rakhines into Arakan State.

The villagers further stated that before the violence started in June, Rakhines leaders and their community conducted a secret meeting in Nasaka office in Maungdaw. At that time Rohingyas were not allow to go out from their houses. The military also close some roads so that no Rohingyas knows about the secret meeting. The violence in June triggered after the Rakhines secret meeting was conducted. These are the evidence that the violence that triggered in June 2012 was planned in advanced by the military together with Rakhines leaders.
Until now the military government only allows the Rakhines to hold arms but not the Rohingyas. The military conducted constant check on Rohingyas houses and they confiscated all knives used in the kitchen. The curfew is only imposed on Rohingyas while the Rakhines free to move around.   

Currently, the Rakhine population has continued their life as usual unlike the Rohingyas who are struggling to seek refuge with no access to food, water, medical and shelter. While the Rakhines Buddhist are free to do their daily activities, the Myanmar government increased the curfew on Rohingyas.

Since June until now, all 17 Township in Arakan State has been affected by the violence instigated by the Myanmar government. The most affected Township are Maungdaw, Sittwe, Kyaukpyu, kyauktaw, Minbya, Rathedaung, Mrauk U, Myebon, Pauktaw and recently Punima.  The Rohingyas were the most affected population in the Arakan State. They have very little or no access to food, water, medical and shelter. Though the foreign government and International humanitarian organizations gave lots of aid to Arakan State but the aid hardly reach the affected Rohingyas as they had to go through blockages from the Arakan State Chief Minister and the Myanmar government.  Finally only little aid could reach them. The rest are taken by the Myanmar government for their own interest.

The Myanmar government will continue their ethnic cleansing policy towards Rohingyas. If the World Leaders, United Nations and the International Communities fail to act at this very critical time, there will be more death on Rohingyas population. The continuation of the ethnic cleansing policy on Rohingyas will only increase the number of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the World and specifically to the ASEAN Region.

We are frustrated as our Democracy Leader Aung San Suu Kyi is not able to do anything to stop the killing on Rohingya population even after receiving her Noble Prize. Aung San Suu Kyi’s silence on our plight has puzzled us as she was recognized Internationally as a Democracy icon. For many decades the Rohingyas population has supported Aung San Suu Kyi but she has turn blind eyes to our plight.  

We are very frustrated as the biggest mandated body in the world which is the UNITED NATIONS has FAILED in their duty to save the lives of the affected Rohingya minority even after they announced that the minority Rohingyas is the most prosecuted ethnic in the world. Unfortunately, until today the United Nations has failed to carry their mandate as they only watching the defenseless and hopeless Rohingyas has been killed without taking any real action. Until now we do not know what is the plan of the United Nations to stop the massacre over Rohingyas.

We are Questioning the United Nations why until now they fail to send Peace Keeping Mission to the affected area in Arakan State? What else you are waiting for? What is stopping you from sending your Peace Keeping Mission in this very critical situation?  How many lives more must be sacrifice before you can take real action? WE cannot put the business and trade before the human lives. The United Nations must be accountable for the massacre of Rohingyas in Arakan State. The failure of the United Nations to stop the massacre caused thousands of Rohingyas has been murdered brutally.

The United Nations has adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on 10 December 1948. Since then the United Nations has successfully restore peace in many conflict areas. However until now the United Nations and World Leaders fail to intervene in Rohingyas plight. WE do not know what exactly stopping the United Nations from entering Myanmar especially in this very critical time.

The root cause of the problem is the state ethnic cleansing policy on Rohingyas in Arakan State. The proposal of the president Thein Sein to remove the Rohingyas from Myanmar shows the clear rejection of Myanmar government on Rohingyas. Therefore we urge the government of the United States of America to urgently:

  1. pressure the United Nations Security Council to send their Peace Keeping Mission to Arakan State to control and monitor the human rights abuses
  2. bring the General Thien Sein, former General Thein Shwe and General Kyin Nyunt to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for killing, raped, torturing, detaining and abusing ethnic Rohingya and other ethnics.
  3. add more pressure to Myanmar Junta to stop the killings, torture, detention and violence towards ethnic Rohingyas
  4. stop the economic and political relationship with Myanmar until they resolve the conflict and recognized ethnic Rohingya as the citizen of Myanmar with equal rights
  5. pressure the Junta to allow the International Humanitarian Organizations to go into Arakan State to provide aid especially, food, medicine and shelter
  6. pressure the Bangladesh government to allow the International Humanitarian Organizations to extend their services to the affected Rohingyas

We thank you for your Urgent Intervention to resolve the conflict and Save the Rohingyas from the state sponsored ethnic cleansing.

Thank you.

Yours sincerely,

Mr. Zafar Ahmad bin Abdul Ghani
Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia
Tel No: +6016-6827287

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